Fillings, cleanings, and protecting your teeth & gums

What is general dentistry?

General dentistry includes treatments like filling, crown, root canal therapy and tooth extraction

General dentistry is the art and science of fixing and maintaining your teeth and gums in excellent shape. This includes dental procedures like fixing tooth cavities, treating infected gums, and removing infection from the oral cavity. Going to a dentist regularly is a must in this day and age. We’re living longer than ever before, we consume more processed sugars, and many of us grind our teeth due to daily stress of like. As a result, our teeth break, we developing cavities, and our gums recede and develop gum problems. General dentistry aims to reverse these damages to keep your teeth and gums in a healthy and happy state. With the help of your dentist, you can maintain strong teeth and healthy gums. The sooner you establish a relationship with a trusted, local dentist, the less dental problems you will face in old age.

What are some common general dentistry procedures?

General dentistry refers to a a wide variety of different dental procedures. Common general dentistry procedures include tooth fillings, crowns, root canal therapy, and tooth extraction. Here’s a bit more information about these common general dentistry procedures:

Tooth filling

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Fillings are used to fix small to medium sized cavities, cracks, and other minor dental problems

Just about all of us have had a few dental fillings in our mouths. Fillings are used to fix small-to-medium sized cavities, cracks, and other minor dental defects. By regularly visiting your dentist, you can capture dental problems in their earlier stages while they still can be fixed with a filling. Once your cavity becomes too large, a simple filling is not likely to fix your tooth. To learn more about dental fillings and the different types of fillings available, click here.

Crown

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Crowns are very useful in dentistry and they are used to fix many different dental issues

Crowns are another common general dentistry procedure with lots and lots of implications in dentistry. Dentists place crowns on teeth that are too far damaged and can no longer be saved with a simple filling. Placing a crown helps restore teeth with major cracks and those with large cavities. Crowns protect your teeth from breaking and developing infection. To learn more about crowns and how they help restore your damaged teeth, click here.

Root canal therapy

When cavity bugs infiltrate your tooth nerve, you develop a tooth infection. At this point, it’s too late to fix your tooth with a simple filling or even a crown. Your only option to save infected teeth is to perform a root canal treatment. Root canal therapy removes the infection from your tooth and saves the tooth. To learn more about root canal treatment and how it eliminates tooth infection, click here.

Tooth extraction

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Losing one tooth can lead to losing additional teeth in the near future

If a bad tooth is left untreated you will eventually lose that tooth. Losing your teeth, even if it’s just one tooth, is detrimental to your overall oral health. In fact, losing one tooth can lead to the loss of more teeth in the near future. This is why we always recommend that you try to save your tooth whenever possible. When it’s not possible to save the tooth, we recommend that you replace your missing tooth with a dental implant or bridge. Missing teeth creates large gaps in your mouth that leads to a series of dental problems that affect your entire mouth. Not only do you now have one less tooth to chew on, but you have to over-compensate by placing additional pressure onto your remaining teeth. This leads to bite problems, increases the likelihood of tooth fracture, stresses your TMJ, and leads to many other dental and skeletal problems. To learn more about tooth extraction and when it’s best to have your teeth removed, click here.

How can I prevent dental cavities and gum disease in the first place?

We always recommended that you try to prevent dental problems from developing. Keeping your teeth and gums healthy is a life-long journey that requires regular upkeep and maintenance. There are three key factors to maintaining healthy teeth and gums for life, which are:

Good oral hygiene

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It’s just as important to brush and floss your teeth regularly as it is to do correctly

There’s no substitute for good brushing and flossing habits. Brushing and flossing your teeth on a daily basis goes a long ways in protecting your teeth and gums. However, it’s just as important to brush and floss regularly as it is to do correctly. Be sure that you’re not brushing or flossing too quickly or too aggressively. Take your time to clean your teeth and don’t rush through it. If you have gum disease, you may require additional oral hygiene instruments. You may also have to use a Waterpik or interproximal cleaner, mouthwash, or special oral pastes to maintain proper oral hygiene. Talk to your dentist if you are uncertain about your oral hygiene routine or need some advice on how to improve your techniques.

Diet and lifestyle

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Limit your sugary in-take, especially processed sugars commonly found in candies, chocolates and sodas
  • Processed sugars are the main cause of dental cavities and the major precursor for gum disease. Limit your sugary intake, especially processed sugars such as those found in candies, chocolates and sodas.
  • Smoking is very detrimental to your oral health. It’s best to avoid all tobacco products including chewing tobacco and vaping. Tobacco decreases blood flow to the oral region and damages your teeth as well as your gums.
  • A healthy body and mind goes a long ways in maintaining your oral health. Heart conditions, uncontrolled diabetes, acid re-flux, and many other medical problems can directly impact our oral health. A healthy body often times correlates with a healthy mouth and vice versa!

Regular checkup and cleanings

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The sooner you treat a dental problem, the less time and money you will have to spend fixing it

Regularly visiting your dentist can help you maintain healthy gums and teeth. It can also help capture dental problems in their earlier stages. The sooner you treat a dental problem, the less time and money you will have to spend fixing it. For instance, a small cavity is usually fixed with a dental filling. However, if you neglect to fix your cavity, it continues to grow and eventually requires a crown. From there, the cavity enters your tooth nerve, causing pain and infection. Now your tooth needs a root canal or you may even have to remove it and replace it with a dental implant! As you can see, the sooner you address essential dental problems, the easier it is to fix them. This explains why regular dental checkup and cleanings are so beneficial to your oral health.

What is holistic dentistry?

Holistic dentistry, also known as biological dentistry, is an approach to dental care with focuses on the overall well-being of your body. Holistic dentistry involves things such as avoiding the use of metals, mercury, and other dangerous toxins. Holistic dentistry is a great choice for those who suffer from metal allergies, fibromyalgia, and other autoimmune medical conditions. Those who haven’t fared well with traditional non-holistic dentistry may also want to explore a holistic approach. Let’s take a closer look at some ideas that holistic dentistry advocates:

Metal-free tooth filling

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Holistic dental fillings are both safe and effective, plus they look much better than their silver counterpart

Traditional silver fillings, known as Amalgam, contain Mercury which is a known toxin. While there is no concrete proof that mercury inside silver fillings causes any serious medical conditions, many believe that it’s best to avoid silver fillings altogether. Metal-free dental fillings are made from resins and composites which contain no heavy metals or mercury ingredient. Holistic dental fillings are both safe and effective, plus they look much better than their silver counterpart!

Metal-free crowns and bridges

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Ceramic crowns contain no metal and they are superior to PFM crowns in terms of strength, function, and aesthetics

Traditional dental crowns, known as porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns (PFM), contain porcelain on the outside with metal on the inside. The inner metal layer is necessary to provide strength and support your chewing pressure, as porcelain alone is too weak to withstand your bite forces. However, this metal alloy can also cause allergic reactions in some patients. Holistic dentistry believes that these types of metals are not good for your health. Metal-free crowns are made from Zirconia based ceramic. Zirconia contains no metal and it is superior to traditional PFM crowns in terms of strength, function, and aesthetics.

Ceramic dental implants

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With ceramic dental implants your entire implant is made from Zirconia

Some holistic dentists even offer their own metal-free dental implants. Now you can now replace your missing teeth with 100% metal-free ceramic dental implants. Metal-free implants are made entirely from Zirconia with no metal alloys. Your entire implant, including the implant post, abutment and crown, are all made from Zirconia. Note that due to limited production, metal-free dental implants come at a premium price. However, to those who are seeking holistic dental care, ceramic dental implants are definitely worth the price.

Dentist in San Clemente, Orange County


Having a dentist whom you visit regularly is key to maintaining healthy teeth and gums for life

Give us a call today if you’re looking for a local, trusted dentist that offers all phases of general dentistry in San Clemente, Orange County. We can be reached a (949)481-2540 or you can even book your appointment online. We offer a wide range of general dentistry treatment options including fillings, crowns, dentures, tooth extraction and more. We also offer holistic dental care for those interested in biological dentistry. Our experienced dentist, Dr. Jazayeri, will address your dental problems and offer a solution that works for you. If you’re ready to get started with fixing your oral health then give us a call today. Learn more about different general dentistry procedures by clicking on the following links:

Definition of General Dentistry Terminology

Abscess (cyst)

A pus pocket containing harmful bacteria that forms around infected teeth. Teeth with abscess are considered infected and they either need root canal treatment or must be extracted.

Amalgam (silver filling)

Material used to fill dental cavities. Amalgam is silver colored and contains Mercury. As a filling material, Amalgam is durable and effective. However, there are some concerns about the safety of using Mercury to restore teeth.

Bicuspid tooth

Refer to premolar tooth please.

Canine tooth (cuspid or eye tooth)

A strong, pointed tooth with a single cusp used to direct other teeth as we chew side-to-side. Canine teeth are very strong and typically outlast all other teeth as we age. We have 4 total canines, teeth numbers: 6, 11, 22 and 27.

Cavity (decay)

A hole inside a tooth created by harmful cavity bugs. Dental cavities can cause slight tooth sensitivity, particularly to cold and sweets. They can also be asymptomatic. If left untreated, dental cavities infiltrate the tooth pulp and cause abscess and infection.

Composite resin (white filling)

Material used to fill dental cavities and broken teeth. Composite resin is safe, effective and matches your tooth color. Cosmetic dentists prefer using composite resins to other filling restoration material due to their natural appearance.

Crown (cap)

A large restoration that replaces the majority of your tooth structure above the gum line. Crowns are used to fix teeth which can no longer be salvaged with a simple filling. Crowns are typically made from gold, porcelain-fused-to-metal or ceramic material.

Decay

Refer to cavity please.

Deep cleaning (scaling & root planning)

A type of dental cleaning which focuses on removing plaque and tartar underneath your gum line. Deep cleanings are used to treat gum disease. Most deep cleanings are performed in multiple sessions and often times require anesthesia.

Dental cleaning

Teeth cleaning performed by your dentist or hygienist. Dental cleaning focuses on removing plaque and tartar which can’t be removed by brushing or flossing alone. Dental cleanings are categorized as simple cleaning or deep cleaning.

Dentin

The middle portion of your tooth which is located above the pulp and underneath the enamel. Unlike enamel, dentin has nerve endings which makes it sensitive to tooth decay.

Denture

Removable, false teeth used to replace your missing natural teeth. Dentures are made from pink and white acrylic. The pink portion secures your dentures in place and the white segment replaces your missing teeth. There are many different types of dentures including full dentures and partial dentures.

Enamel

The very hard outer portion of your tooth. In fact, enamel is the hardest tissue found in our bodies. Enamel protects your tooth from cavities and provides it with the strength to cut and chew food.

Filling

Material used by dentists to replace missing tooth structure. Fillings are used to fix dental cavities and broken teeth. Fillings are made from gold (mostly obsolete), Amalgam (silver filling) or composite resin (white filling).

Full Denture (Complete denture)

A set of false teeth which replaces all of your teeth in one arch. Full dentures are held in place by the suction they provide against your gum tissue. Full dentures are typically made from pink and white acrylic.

Gingivitis

The earlier stage of gum disease. Gingivitis is characterized by bleeding gums, bad breath and minor tooth sensitivity. If left untreated, gingivitis progresses to the more advanced stage of gum disease known as periodontitis.

Gum Disease (Periodontal disease)

Disease of the gums and jaw bone. Gum disease is caused by spread of harmful bacteria to your gum and jaw bone. Gum disease causes bleeding gums, bone loss and tooth loss. Gum disease is categorized as gingivitis and periodontitis.

Impacted Tooth

A tooth which is trapped underneath your jaw bone. Impacted tooth typically refers to wisdom teeth, although other teeth can also be impacted. Impacted wisdom teeth usually need to be removed. Other impacted teeth need to be removed, monitored or uprighted by your orthodontist.

Incisor tooth

The front most four teeth in your upper and lower jaw. Incisor teeth are used to cut food particles. We have 8 total incisors, teeth numbers: 7, 8, 9, 10, 23, 24, 25 and 26.

Infection

Spread of harmful bacteria into your tooth nerve. Once cavity bugs reach your tooth nerve, the tooth is now infected. Infected teeth can only be fixed with a root canal or you must remove the tooth completely.

Inlay

A type of crown which is a hybrid between fillings and crowns. Inlays are essentially conservative crowns which protect teeth similar to a crown but are conservative similar to a filling. Inlays are smaller than onlays and do not encompass your outer tooth walls.

Molar tooth

Teeth located in the back of our mouth which have four cusps. Molar teeth are large and used to crush food particles. We have 8 total molars, teeth numbers: 2, 3, 14, 15, 18, 19, 30 and 31. Additionally, some of us have 3rd molars or wisdom teeth which are teeth numbers: 1, 16, 17 and 32.

Nerve

Refer to pulp please.

Night guard

A device worn at nights to protect your teeth against grinding. Night guards help reduce tooth fracture, TMJ pain and headaches. There are two types of night guards, generic night guards which you purchase online or from a local pharmacy and custom night guards which your dentist makes for you.

Onlay

A type of crown which is a hybrid between fillings and crowns. Onlays are essentially conservative crowns which protect teeth similar to a crown but are conservative similar to a filling. Onlays are larger than inlays and encompass at least one or more of your outer tooth walls.

Partial Denture

A set of false teeth which replaces some, but not all, of your missing teeth. Partial dentures are held in place by anchoring to your remaining teeth as well as suction against your gum tissue. Partial dentures can be made from different material including metals, acrylic and flexible resin.

Periodontal disease

Refer to gum disease please.

Periodontitis

The more advanced stage of gum disease. Periodontitis is characterized by bone loss, major tooth sensitivity and loose teeth. If left untreated, periodontitis causes your teeth to loosen and fall out. Plus, the resulting infection can spread to the rest of your body and affect your overall health.

Premolar tooth (bicsupid)

Transitional teeth between our front and molar teeth. Premolars have two cusps and are used to crush food particles. They are also the teeth most commonly removed for braces treatment. We have 8 total bisupids, teeth numbers: 4, 5, 12, 13, 20, 21, 28 and 29.

Pulp (nerve)

The innermost tooth layer which lies underneath your dentin. Your tooth pulp contains nerves and blood vessels. When your tooth pulp becomes damaged this results in a toothache. Once this happens, you require a root canal treatment or must remove the tooth.

Pulpotomy

Pulpotomy is the equivalent of a baby root canal. It entails removing the nerve structure from infected baby teeth. Performing a pulpotomy eliminates toothache while allowing your child to keep the tooth itself in order to prevent potential orthodontic complications.

Root canal treatment

A procedure to remove infected tooth nerve to eliminate pain and infection. During root canal treatment your dentist will disinfect your tooth and replace the missing nerve with sterile material known as Gutta Percha. Root canal treatment eliminates pain and infection and allows you to keep the tooth.

Scaling & root planning

Refer to deep cleaning please.

Sealant

A preventive treatment used to protect children’s teeth. Dental sealants are placed on teeth with deep groves, typically molars, to protect them against tooth decay and infection. Sealants are very effective and safe and do not require any tooth structure removal.

Sedation

Techniques used to calm patients with anxiety during dental treatment. There are many different sedation techniques in dentistry such as Nitrous Oxide, oral conscious sedation, IV sedation and general anesthesia.

Silver filling

Refer to Amalgam please.

Simple cleaning

A dental cleaning performed in absence of gum disease. Simple cleanings typically entail basic tooth scraping and polishing, occasionally with Fluoride treatment. Most people require a simple cleaning once every 6 months, although if you’re suffering from gum disease you need one every 3 to 4 months.

Third molar

Refer to wisdom tooth please.

White filling

Refer to composite resin please.

Wisdom tooth (third molar)

Tooth which is located all the way in the back of your mouth. Wisdom teeth start erupting in your late teens or twenties. Not everyone has wisdom teeth. For those that do, there’s a high probability that you have to remove these teeth. Otherwise, they will cause pain, swelling and infection.

Oceansight Dental & Implants

General, Cosmetic & Implant Dentistry

Office of Ali John Jazayeri

106 S Ola Vista

San Clemente, CA 92672


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